The male sexual glands of which there are two, contained in the scrotum which produce the male hormone testosterone and produce the male reproductive cells (gametes), the sperm.
The most potent male sex hormone, produced in the testicles.
Artificial insemination using sperm from a (typically anonymous) donor who has no genetic relationship to the hoped-for child.
Through the abdomen.
The transfer of embryos or oocytes by placement of a catheter through the cervix.
Also known as follicle aspiration or ovum pickup (OPU). The puncture and aspiration of ovarian follicles for the purpose of retrieving ova during the process of IVF. This is typically done using transvaginal ultrasound guidance, and is usually done with intravenous sedation.
Through the vagina.
An ART procedure similar to ZIFT, but where the embryo is transferred at a slightly later stage of development.
Infertility secondary to problems with the fallopian tubes.
The normal (unobstructed) state of the fallopian tubes.
A surgical procedure typically done after previous sterilization which excises the destroyed, blocked areas of the fallopian tube and re-connects the cut ends in order to establish tubal patency and restore fertility. This is usually done by laparotomy.